Cross the canopy on suspended footbridges at Kakum National Park. Stroll among spices, fabrics, seeds, jewelry from the open-air market of Kumasi, one of the largest in West Africa. In Kumasi, have the chance to see the great King Ashanti, who makes a public appearance every 42 days. Visit the Aburi Botanical Garden and discover the fragility of ecosystems and endangered species. Go on safari in Mole National Park. In Accra, go shopping at the Accra Mall, a shopping centre built into national pride.
- Black Star Square ou Independance Square
Built by Kwame Nkrumah, the country’s first president, to celebrate his country’s new autonomy, Black Star Square, also known as Independence Square, is located in the capital city of Accra. It was completed in 1961 to coincide with the State visit of Queen Elizabeth II. This huge esplanade, inspired by Moscow’s Red Square and supposed to embody the pan-African ideology, can accommodate 30,000 people. The square hosts all major military and civic parades in the Ghanaian capital.
These monuments include the Independence Arch south of the square, set against the backdrop of the Gulf of Guinea. On the other side of the square but facing the arch is the Memorial of the Unknown Soldier, which pays tribute to the fallen Ghanaian soldiers for their country. Just north of the main square is a roundabout, with the Black Star Gate in the centre, an imposing monument surmounted by the Black Star of Africa, the five-pointed star that symbolizes Africa in general and Ghana in particular. The monument bears the great inscription « AD 1957 » and « Liberty and Justice ». There is also the eternal flame of the liberation of Africa, lit by President Nkrumah himself. In this place, Nkrumah added a stadium built in 1961. Near the square, the Independence Arch, another Nkrumah project, stands at the centre of the highways.
- Cape Coast Castle, vestige de la traite négrière
Built in the 17th century about 160 km west of the capital Accra, Cape Coast Castle was the most important slave market among the sixty forts, most of them in ruins, which marked the 300 km of the Ghanaian coast. It sits on the windswept West African coast. The imposing whitewashed fort, a major stronghold of the slave trade on the African continent, has become a real tourist attraction since the American president visited him as a family in 2009.
In the old fort, guides tell tourists how the Africans, kidnapped in their village, were thrown into cramped dungeons before being « shipped » by boat to the plantations of the New World, on the other side of the Atlantic. The dark dungeons remind us of the cruel fate inflicted from the 17th century on many Africans who were held between these walls before being taken as slaves to the Americas and the Caribbean.
- Mole National Park, an impressive wildlife corridor
Mole Park, located 687 km north of Accra, was established in 1958 to protect the flora and fauna of the area. Occupying the largest wildlife corridor between Ghana and Burkina Faso, this tour will make you discover the beauties of northern Ghana. In Mole, it is very easy to see the elephants, which are very numerous there.
It is also possible to observe some species of antelopes, wild boar, monkeys. For other animals such as buffaloes, fallow deer, leopards, hyenas, jackals, baboons and crocodiles, it is necessary to push a little further than the traditional three-hour walk.
You can visit the park on foot with a guide or in a vehicle to cover a wider area. This can be done by using your vehicle or your fleet. The best time to visit the park is the dry season, from November to May, when the tall grass has disappeared and the animals gather around the few water points. Namely that the park remains open all year. In the rainy season, the grass being tall and the green landscapes, the chance to see animals is slimmer but the walk is always worth the trip.
- Bosumtwi Lake, the fruit of a rare natural phenomenon
With a diameter of 10.5 km and a surface of 49 km² filled with water, the age of this lake is estimated at more than 1 million years. Much older than civilization, this lake is highly respected by locals who see it as a source of unbeatable faith… especially since it is the only Ghanaian lake. It is located 30 kilometres south of Kumasi, one of Ghana’s major cities. Totally natural, this lake was created in a crater formed by meteorite impacts.
Recognized as a « biosphere reserve » by UNESCO, this lake is widely used for fishing by locals and canoe trips. It is, however, forbidden to navigate there with an iron boat or with an engine, in order to preserve it.
- Elmina Castle, the oldest built in sub-Saharan Africa
Located 10 km west of Cape Coast, in the center of the city of Elmina, on the southern coast of Ghana, it was built in 1482. Known as the oldest house built by Europeans in black Africa, the castle has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the best preserved Ghanaian castle and one of the most visited. It was first built by the Portuguese because of its strategic location for trade. The Dutch took it from the Portuguese in 1637. Elmina was a fort (prison) for slaves, they were kept in the fort while they were put in ships bound for the Americas. There is an admission fee as well as a small photo-taking fee. There is a restaurant on site, a bookshop, a gift shop, and a small museum inside the church.
- Boti Falls, those twin waterfalls
Boti Falls are two 30-metre-high waterfalls that fall gracefully into a pond surrounded by a huge laminated cliff giving the impression of being in the opening of a huge cave. The place is really beautiful and worth the trip. It is located 17km northeast of Koforidua, the capital of the eastern region of Ghana, within the forest reserve of the village of Boti from which they derive their name. It is a little over 30 minutes drive from Koforidua and over 90 minutes from Accra depending on the means of transport.
Not far away, you will also have the opportunity to discover the Umbrella Rock (the umbrella stone), a mysterious rock that looks like an umbrella. As its name suggests, the overhang on the top is large enough to cover 12 to 15 people at a time. Although the pivot on which the upper rock rests may seem small, it is very solid. It is visible on much of the hike to the falls.